Museum logo Joseph Grant Almaden Quicksilver Martial Cottle SCCP

Archive Record

  • Email This Page
  • Send Feedback
Catalog number 1997.2.1577
Object Name Clipping, Newspaper
Description TITLE: The DAIRY COW SUBTITLE: Form of the Animal and Milk and Butter Production. AUTHOR: D. W, May,
There is a certain type of cow [ex]hibiting marks that indicate dairy excellence. This is so well established as to make the decisions in the show ring and to enter in as all important factor in the buying and selling of dairy animals. This matter of type is illustrated in our station herd, the tendency being for the animals scoring highest in the judging ring to be the largest and most economical producers of milk and butter. The animal scoring highest in the station herd has a yield of ten times her weight made in milk and 68 per cent of her weight in butter in one year. Taking the whole herd into consideration the type will not always follow the yield, the exception to the rule being sometimes quite marked. Bogdanow, a German authority, made measurements on eighty cows whereby they were formed into groups of types. From the results, knowing the records of the animals, he concludes that there is an unmistakable relation between external form and production of milk and butter. Beach, from the results of experiment and observation, states that the type of the cow is more essential than the breed as indicating the ability to produce milk and butter economically.
The final test of any dairy cow is the amount of milk and butter fat she will yield for the food consumed. The difference in cows in this respect is quite marked. With the scales and the Babcock test it is easy to learn what each individual cow is doing. While some animals in the dairy may be making profits others may be losing to such an extent as to even wipe out the profits of the better cows. During the year under experiment our best cow gave an [amount] of milk and butter more than twice the that of one of the poorer cows. The difference in the gross receipts for the milk during the first eight months following calving was $184.50 in favor of the better cow. Waters and Hess found a difference of $33.10 in the profits of two cows for 150 days. Between two others of accepted dairy form the difference was $14.90 and between two of similar type, $12.18
The cow is a creature of habit, and therefore the time and manner of milking should vary as little as possible from day to day. The yield of milk will sometimes vary by reason of matters of such small moment that we fail to reckon them. From our results a change of milkers showed a small average loss in yield. Some cows were not affected at all while others gave a slightly reduced yield. This will depend, however, upon the ability of the milker. Carlyle found no appreciable difference in the frequent changing of milkers. Tracy found by a good milker following a careless one an increase with five cows of 244 pounds of milk in two weeks.
Cows fed at milking time are apt to hold their milk when the customary feed is withheld. This may occur even
when the animals have access to abundant pasture. This is so noticeable with some of the station cows that it
is advisable to give them a little grain through the summer season to induce them to give down their milk. Emery notes that a cow that gave over seven pounds of milk gave only two pounds when her customary feed was withheld at milking time. D. W, May, Kentucky Experiment Station.
Milk Contamination.
The whey tank is a common source infection at those factories [remainder of article is not available].

Photo Caption: [The foundation cow of the Kentucky experiment station herd]

Cataloged by Boudreault, Art